Saat pheras of Indian Hindu wedding - Tradition and Rituals

Saat pheras of Indian Hindu wedding - Tradition and Rituals

In this guide, we will discuss the Saat pheras of Indian Hindu wedding and its tradition, rituals etc.

Understanding the real meaning of saat pheras in hindu marriage will truly make your marriage a memorable experience. The Seven steps of Hindu wedding ceremony are explained below. This includes the meaning, vows and the actual riti.

What is Saptapadi?

‘Saat Phere’, seems to be taken straight out of a Bollywood movie, but they are as romantic as a Hindu wedding can get. Also known as Saptapadi, Saat Phere means seven steps or seven rounds taken around the sacred fire by the bride and the groom. Each round or step signifies the seven vows that the bride and the groom make to each other. These vows are available in the ancient Hindu scriptures and are considered the most sacred part of the entire wedding. The promises are based on treating the partner equally, being respectful and having a harmonious married life. Saptapadi is carried out in Sanskrit mantras which is chanted by the Pandit and is repeated by the bride and the groom.

Which Indian cultures include Saptapadi in their wedding culture?

Saptapadi is mainly performed by the people in Hindu community. Saptapadi is seen in Punjab, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa and other regions where Hinduism is followed. While the Saptapadi is spoken by different terms in various regions, the vows and ritual methods remain the same. The importance of fire or AGNI and the recital of vows are prominent factors in the Saptapadi ritual. 

What are the seven vows of Saptapadi and their meanings?

The seven vows of Saptapadi or Saat Pheras have predominant importance in Hindu weddings.

Here are the seven vows recited during saat pheras.
  1. The first vow is for good health, flourished household, accepting responsibilities towards each other and respective families and respecting the long-followed traditions.
  2. The second vow is to work towards a comfortable mental and spiritual self-existence together.
  3. The third vow is about the significance of prosperity and a promise to earn it with complete righteousness.
  4. The fourth vow is about mutual understanding, equality and respect towards one another, faith, commitment and a promise to self to obtain knowledge throughout life.
  5. The fifth promise is seeking blessings from the Almighty for a fertile life and carrying on the generation with healthy progeny.
  6. The sixty vow is about a healthy and long life.
  7. The seventh and the final vow is a promise to each other to stay committed, honest and true to each other for life.

How is the Saat Phere function performed?

Though little details are bound to change as per different regions, the alignment of steps to perform Saptapadi is nearly the same everywhere. The important step is the auspicious time during the wedding eve that is finalized by the priest after checking the horoscopes of the bride and the groom. Once the timeline to perform the Saat Pheras are set, the couple and their parents gather around the Agni (fire) along with the priest seated near the Agnikund.

The ceremony starts by tying a knot with one end of the bride’s dupatta or saree's end with the groom’s stole or "Uthariya". The bride and groom then circumambulating around the Sacred fire in clockwise direction. The groom holds the little finger of the right hand of the bride as he leads the first four vows. The remaining three pheras (rounds) are concluded by the bride. As the couple performs the Saptapadi, the families seated around the mandap shower flowers and rice on the newlyweds signifying their blessings. The Saptapadi ritual is concluded by reciting shlokas, seeking blessings from Lord Vishnu, the preserver of the world and his consort, Goddess Lakshmi, the Deity of Wealth. With the reciting of the Shlokas, the Saptapadi ceremony comes to an end, describing that the couple has vowed to one another to be with each other for seven lifetimes. With this, the couple are now officially and legally married.

Things to remember while performing Saat Phere

  • Take small steps when you perform Saptapadi to avoid tripping over.
  • Ensure that you and your partner have enough space in the Mandap when you circumambulate the Agni.
  • Give extra attention to while the Pandit is reciting or the rituals he asks you to perform as it will help you in understanding the Saat Phere traditions more clearly. It will help you to connect emotionally with the wedding further.
  • Do NOT disrespect any kind of such rituals as it is often considered a dishonor for the family and their traditions.
  • Stay away from the wedding shenanigans at bay during the Saat Pheras. 

What to wear for the Saat Phere ceremony?

Many brides prefer their regional wedding saree only, certain regional rituals call for different wedding wear for the Saat Phere ceremony. After the Varmala, the bride moves to change her attire to her Saptapadi look. The Saptapadi clothing consists of a yellow-red saree, lighter gold jewellery and a simple nose ring. Many brides in the North and West India wear a headdress called Mukut throughout the Saptapadi ceremony.

For the groom, however, the attire remains the same throughout the wedding ceremonies. This is the time when he takes off his shoes, leading to the unofficial Joota-Churai ceremony where the bridesmaids steal the shoes and receive a small token of gift from the groom.

What happens next?

After concluding the Saat pheras, the husband and wife take blessings from the Almighty and seek blessings from the family. In certain regions, there are shlokas to be recited post-Saptapadi for each other. The shlokas are about accepting each other officially in front of the families of the bride and the groom and having accepted each other for the next seven lives. They promise to be honest towards one another and be with each other through highs and lows of life. They also promise to take care of each other and conclude by thanking the God and the five elements of the Earth for their union.

This is followed by the Vidaai ceremony that signifies the bride leaving her parents’ house and towards her husband’s house.

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